Below a list of links to the institutes of the participants of SPECIAL.
Please submit your link by 18 February at the latest.
- Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, Belgium
- BIRA-IASB is a governmental
Institution that conducts experiments and theoretical studies in the field
of physics and chemistry of the Earth and planetary upper atmospheres, of
magnetospheres and interplanetary medium.
- Space Plasmas and Radiation Belt Environment Group, Brussels, Belgium
- The Space Plasmas and Radiation Belt Environment Group at the Belgian
Institute for space Aeronomy is directly interested in kinetic plasma
theory with applications to directional discontinuities in collisionless
plasma, solar wind, polar wind, magnetopause, plasmasphere and Earth's
radiation belt models.
- Dept of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel
- Dr Colin Price is part of the Department of Geophysics and Planetary
Sciences at TAU. His group
lightning research in the VLF and ELF range, and the the relationships
between atmospheric electricity and global climate change. The TAU group
runs a Schumann resonance site in the Negev Desert, for studying the
variability of global lightning activity. The TAU team is also interested in
sprites/elves and other ELF/VLF transients.
- Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (SGO), Sodankylä, Finland
- SGO provides a wealth of geomagnetic and ionospheric data: magnetic
observatory since 1914; ionosonde since 1957; chain of 10+ riometers between
Helsinki and Svalbard since 1965. SGO has more than 10 years of experience
in developing VLF receivers and conducting VLF measurement campaigns together
with ionospheric observations by radio tomography, incoherent scatter radars
(EISCAT), and cameras.
- Arctic & Antarctic Research Institute (AARI), St Petersburg, Russia
- The Main Scientific Center of Russian Federation - Arctic &
Antarctic Research Institute is a govermental multidisciplinary institution
that conducts experiment and theoretical studies of the natural phenomen
(climate, sea ice conditions, polar oceanography, polar upper atmosphere
and space research etc.) in the polar regions of the both hemisphere.
The Geophysical Department of AARI is
involved in the studies of behaviour of the polar magnetosphere, ionosphere
and atmosphere as well as of the solar terrestrial relations in the forms
of the space disturbances influence on the climate and hydrometeorological
regime of the polar regions.
- Institut für Geophysik, Frankfurt/Main University, Germany
- The Institut für Geophysik at
Frankfurt/Main University represents
four different solid Earth programs:
applied geophysics, geodynamics,
rock physics and theoretical seismology.
- Atmspheric Research Group, Institut für Geophysik, Frankfurt/Main University, Germany
- The atmospheric research group is part
of the applied physics program and has
an expertise in atmospheric electrodynamics,
in particular with lightning flashes, sprites,
and the global circuit.
- Max-Planck-Institute für Aeronomie (MPAe), Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
- The Max-Planck-Institut fuer Aeronomie is an institute of the German
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft for basic research. Fields of research are the upper
atmopshere, the ionosphere, the magnetosphere, the sun and heliosphere, planets
and comets. Special interest is on solar-terrestrial and solar-planetary
relations. The institute is located near Goettingen on the countryside.
- Geodetic and Geophysical Research Institute, Hungary
- The Geodetic and Geophysical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy
of Sciences conducts in its Department for Aeronomy experimental and
theoretical investigation of the middle and upper atmosphere in the
field of atmospheric electricity - atmospheric electric field, point
discharge currents, Schumann resonances, in the field of ionospheric
physics - study of the effect of galactic cosmic rays and energetic
particles in the lower and middle atmosphere, analyses of the
interaction between the neutral and ionized upper atmosphere, study of
- British Antarctic Survey (BAS), Cambridge, UK
- The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is a government-funded research laboratory,
and a component body of the Natural Environment Research Council. The BAS
mission is to carry out high quality research in a wide variety of disciplines,
biology, geology and physical sciences. BAS operates a range of manned and
unmanned observatories in Antarctica from its headquaters in Cambridge.
Within the Physical Sciences Division, research is carried out at all
altitudes, from surface meteorology to the interaction of the magnetosphere
with the solar wind. The major foci of geospace research are reconnection and
substorms. Global Change is the over-arching theme of the research below 120 km
- Service d'Aeronomie, France
- The Service d'Aeronomie of CNRS is a governmental institution depending on
CNRS, University of Paris 6-Jussieu and University of Versailles-Saint Quentin.
It is also part of the new Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace.
It is devoted to the study of the atmospheres (Earth and planets) and of the
solar environment. It is based both in Verrieres-le-Buisson and Paris.
- Service d'Aeronomie, Dynamic and Climate of the Middle Atmosphere (DCAM), France
- The team called "Dynamic and Climate of the Middle Atmosphere" DCAM is focusing
on the study of dynamical and physical processes occuring in the middle
atmosphere, among which the processus which may be responsible for the
influence of solar activity on the atmosphere and the climate. The study of the
variability at all scales (GW, PW, QBO, solar) has been pursued in parallel
with the detection and attribution of long trem trends in the stratosphere.
- Electromagnetics and Plasma Technology Laboratory, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan
- Electromagnetics and Plasma Technology Laboratory at the
Kyushu Institute of Technology is working on various aspects of
Electromagnetics and Plasmas with the emphasis on space-related
fields. Computational as well as experimental
works on gas discharge in atmospheric air and rarefied gas around
spacecraft are conducted including upper-atmospheric ionisation
caused by lightning-generated electromagnetic pulse.
- Dept of the Terrestrial Physics, State University of St.-Petersburg, Russia
- The State University of St.-Petersburg
(Russia), grounded in 1724 as an Academic University, has 18 faculties.
The Physical Faculty at the University
conducts theoretical and experimental investigation in practically all
fields of the modern Physics. The Department
of the Terrestrial Physics at the Faculty conducts studies in two fields:
Physics of the Solid Earth (headed by Prof. Troyan V. N.), and
Solar-Terrestrial Physics (the head is Prof. Pudovkin M. I.).
The 'Space - Earth weather' group at the Laboratory of the Solar-Terrestrial
Physics consists of 5 persons: Pudovkin M. I., Prof.; Zaitseva S. A., Senior
Res. Worker, Ph.D.; Morozova A. L.,
Ass. Prof., Ph.D.; Plenkina I. A., Ph.D. student, MS; Akhremtchik S. N., PhD
The main topic of studies is effects of cosmic rays (of the galactic
and solar origin) variations in the atmospheric transparency and cloudiness
variations, and in the state of the lower atmosphere.
- Department of Earth Sciences - Meteorology, Uppsala University, Sweden
- Uppsala University belongs to the Swedish
government. The university conducts research and educations covering a lot of
fields. Faculty of Technology and Natural Sciences conducts research and
educations in a lot of fields within natural sciences.
Department of Earth Sciences conducts
research and educations within fields of the Earth and atmosphere.
In the Meteorology programme the main study is of the atmosphere.
- Plasma Physics & High Power Electronics Department, Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (IAP RAS), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
- The Plasma Physics & High Power Electronics Department
is one of departments of the Institute of
Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (IAP RAS), Nizhny
Novgorod. The main problem which unites our researches is
development of methods for generation of powerful (particularly,
microwave) radiation and
investigation of its interaction with plasma, including space plasmas.
The group of Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Plasma, and the group
of Atmospheric Physics deal with theory and applications of particle-
wave interaction, atmosphere-ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling,
electrohydrodynamics and atmospheric electricity, dynamics of ozone
and other minor costituents of the atmosphere. In particular, we are
conducting experiments on the microwave sounding of the
atmosphere, as well as field research and laboratory modeling of
atmospheric electric processes.
- Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden
- IRF conducts experimental and theoretical researches in space
plasma and atmospheric physics. It has 4 divisions in Kiruna,
Uppsala, Umeå and Lund.
- Atmospheric Research Programme (AFP) of IRF, Kiruna, Sweden
- AFP is also a part of Environment and Space Research Institute
(MRI). AFP is focusing on study of ozone in meso- and stratosphere,
strato- and mesospheric clouds, coupling between different
atmospheric layers, fair-weather atmospheric electricity. Radars,
optical methods, sounding rockets and balloons are used.
Continuous measurements of trace gases, atmospheric winds,
air-earth electrical currents are made there.
- Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI), St. Petersburg, Russia
- The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) is a governmental
Institution that conducts oceanological, hydrometeorological, geophysical,
hydrological, and ice researches in polar regions in Arctic and Antarctic.
- AARI - Department of Geophysics, St. Petersburg, Russia
- The Department of Geophysics at the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
is concerned with studies of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling, magnetic
substorms development, links between space weather on the Earth's weather,
and influence of space weather on high-tech systems. The department is responsible
for Russian network of geophysical observations in Arctic and Antarctic.
- Space Physics Group, University of Houston, Texas, USA
- Mission Statement
The mission the Space Physics Group of the Physics Department at the University of Houston is to conduct
original research in the areas of atmospheric electricity, upper
atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, space physics and
aeronomy. The term space physics as used here incorporates the
disciplines of ionospheric physics, magnetospheric physics, space
plasma physics, solar heliospheric physics and cosmic rays physics. In
addition, it is also the mission of the space physics group to provide
instruction in these topics to the students of the University of
Houston. The main objective of this aspect of our mission is providing
a source of qualified, trained personnel to the space-oriented
employers of the Houston area. Finally, it is the mission of the group
to provide knowledgable consulting services in these areas and topics
to all elements of the Houston community that request such support.
As a group, we have conducted experiments to measure and image
electron bremsstrahlung beneath auroras, to measure electron
bremsstrahlung accompanying both natural and triggered VLF events,
auroral zone electric fields, plasmapause electric fields, electric
fields at high altitude due to thunderstorms, and the electromagnetic
radiation spectrum of lightning at high altitude, VLF magnetic fields
accompanying active experiments in the ionosphere, dc plasma
properties in the ionosphere near pulsating aurora, ionospheric
electric fields near the magnetospheric cusp, and ground level
atmospheric electric field and air-Earth current at the South Pole.
See also: Sprite Campaign
Page; this page contains a complete description of the Sprites 99
balloon campaign. I hope to include bibliography links sometime soon.
- SEVEM (Survey of ELF and VLF Experiments in the Magnetosphere), Brussels, Belgium
- This site displays a documented catalogue of
missions/satellites that surveyed the electromagnetic
VLF and ELF environment in the terrestrial
magnetosphere since 1959. The orbital parameters
are given for each satellite, as well as contact
persons, bibliographical references concerning the
experiments and preliminary results. The location
where the data are stored is also given.
|Last update: 2001-11-02, 1119 UT, by Th.Ulich, editor [e-mail | homepage].